More You Know: Classification of Bad Things
Here are the categories of drought.
- Meteorological is when dry weather and other conditions like dry winds and high temperatures cause drought.
- Agricultural is when there is a reduction of soil moisture that affects animals and crops.
- Hydrological is when the water supply is low due to overuse of water sources.
- Socioeconomic is when demand exceeds the supply.
Here are the categories of flooding.
- Category 1 where sanitation issues arise from toilets, faucets, and anything that dispenses water.
- Category 2 where contamination issues arise from dishwater and washing machine run off as well as from sink drains.
- Category 3 where severe sanitation issues happen and may cause death due to sewer back up, overflowing rivers, stagnant water with bacteria, and overflowing toilets.
Here are the magnitudes of earthquakes.
- 2.5 or less are usually not felt
- 2.5 to 5.4 are minor and light earthquakes often felt with small damage
- 5.5 to 6.0 are moderate earthquakes with slight damage
- 6.1 to 6.9 are strong earthquakes felt with damage in heavily populated cities
- 7.0 to 7.9 are major earthquakes with serious damage
- 8.0 or higher are great earthquakes with destruction near epicenter
Here are the categories of tornadoes on the Fujita scale.
- F0 is 40 to 72 mph/64 to 116 km/h wind with light damage
- F1 is 73 to 112 mph/117 to 180 km/h wind with moderate damage
- F2 is 113 to 157 mph/181 to 253 km/h wind with significant damage
- F3 is 156 to 205 mph/254 to 332 km/h wind with severe damage
- F4 is 207 to 260 mph/333 to 418 km/h wind with devastating damage
- F5 is 261 to 318 mph/419 to 512 km/h wind with devastating damage
Hurricanes and Tropical Storms
Here are the categories on the Saffir-Simpson scale.
- One is 74 to 95 mph/119 to 153 km/h wind speed
- Two is 96 to 110 mph/154 to 177 km/h wind speed
- Three is 111 to 129 mph/178 to 208 km/h wind speed
- Four is 130 to 205 mph/209 to 251 km/h wind speed
- Five is 157 or higher mph/252 or higher km/h wind speed
- Tropical storms is 39 to 73 mph/63 to 118 km/h wind speed
Here are the classes of fire.
- A is for solids like wood, paper, plastic, and trash
- B is for liquids like paint and petrol
- C is gases like butane and methane
- D is metals like magnesium, potassium, lithium, and zirconium
- E is electrical like anything any appliance with a cord
- F is cooking oils and fat should speak for itself
Here are the classes of fires extinguishers.
- A is for solids and ordinary combustibles
- B is for liquids and oil/oil-based paints
- C is for electrical eqiupment
- D is for flammable metals
- K is for cooking oils and fats
Her are the major different types of extinguishers
- Dry powder
- Carbon dioxide
- Wet chemical
What extinguisher should you use for any type of fire?
- Use any extinguisher EXCEPT CARBON DIOXIDE for solid materials.
- Use any extinguisher EXCEPT WATER AND WET CHEMICAL on liquids.
- Use ONLY DRY POWDER on gases.
- Use ONLY DRY POWDER on metal.
- Use ONLY DRY POWDER AND CARBON DIOXIDE on electrical appliances.
- Use ONLY WET CHEMICAL or FIRE BLANKET on cooking oils and fats.