Book Recommendation: The Bell Jar

Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar

Publisher: Harper Perennial Modern Classics

Publication: 2005 First Edition

Page Number: 288

“She stared at her reflection in the glossed shop windows as if to make sure, moment by moment, that she continued to exist.”


Plath’s noteworthy book goes without saying, and she remains one of the best creative minds that could have gone much further. The Bell Jar is her only novel written, notably semi-autobiographical, and was first published in 1963 under a different name. It was first published in the United States in 1971. Her book explores the experiences, thoughts, frustrations, and dreams of Esther Greenwood. She views her life much from a place of darkness where she tries to stand under as much light as possible. It is sometimes forced by herself. You get the sense Esther does things she is not fully certain about, and when all is said and done, there is even more confusion and self-loathing at the end of her internship days. There is a naiveté about her as much as conviction. She wonders if she will ever feel good enough and be better than she is currently.  Esther’s beginning is full of uncertainty, the middle has disappointment, and the end was nothing what she imagined. While this is often cited as a book about mental illness, as Plath suffered from bipolar, it should also be remembered for the way she wrote it: honestly and brutally.  It was basically written from her bleeding and broken heart as tragic as that sounds.


“Let me live, love, and say it well in good sentences.”

-Sylvia Plath-

Explore The Bell Jar on Amazon


10 Sports Movies You Should See

These ten sports movies are in no particular order.  They are the ones I liked and thought were worthy of my eyes.  If you’re wondering why I didn’t include Rocky, it’s because I’ve sort of spoken about it before.  Let’s begin before the night ends.

A League of Their Own (1992)

aleagueoftheirownWhile the men serve their country in WWII, in come the women to prove that they have just as much right to swing a bat and fight with each other.  Dottie and Kit Hinson who are sisters along with other females aren’t taken seriously during the women baseball tryouts until publicity and interest can’t be ignored.  Sibling rivalry, competitive game playing, and sporting legacies are all a part of this movie.  It was one of the selections to be preserved in the United States National Film Registry in 2012 for good reason.  A League of Their Own is directed by Penny Marshall.  It stars Geena Davis, Lori Petty, Madonna, Rosie O’Donnell, Tom Hanks, and David Strathairn. 

The Wrestler (2008)


2008 was the year when many thought Mickey Rourke would win the Oscar.  He didn’t win, but he secured a roll of a lifetime.  It was personal and professional in the same vein for him.  This movie digs into the wrestling world. The character of Randy Robinson finds himself past his prime. ‘The Ram’ works on making his career relevant again and personal relationships better.  The Wrestler is directed by Darren Aronofsky. It also stars Marisa Tomei and Rachel Evan Wood.

The Fighter (2010)


This is based on the true story of two boxers, Micky Ward and Dicky Eklund.  The half-brothers also have too many sisters to count including one played by Conan O’Brien’s sister, Kate.  Micky Ward overcomes his Lowell, Massachusetts odds, including his overbearing mother and his drug addicted brother. He is presented with a chance to prove himself in the world light welterweight title.  Let the training begin.  The Fighter is directed by David O. Russell.  It stars Mark Wahlberg, Christian Bale, Amy Adams, Melissa Leo, and Jack McGee.

Moneyball (2011)


Billy Beane is not your average guy in baseball.  He’s the Oakland Athletics GM who builds a team with the help of Peter Brand.  He finds resistance in his scouting approach, but stays the course.  As time passes, he reaps some rewards, never wavering from his principles.  This is less focus on an actual game and more on the activity behind the scenes.  It is well worth the watch.  Moneyball is directed by Bennett Miller.  It stars Brad Pitt, Jonah Hill, Robin Wright, and Philip Seymour Hoffman.

Foxcatcher (2014)


The antagonist in this movie is the heir to the du Pont chemical company, and based on a true and tragic story.  Today the company advocates genetically modified foods, but back in the 1980s John du Pont immersed himself into the world of wrestling.  Piggybacking on the success of the Schultz brothers in the 1984 Olympic Games, du Pont sought the help of Mark Schultz to help him have a successful wrestling team in the 1988 Olympics.  It was during this time that events happening at his training facility led to him being in the newspapers for all the wrong reasons.  Foxcatcher is directed by Bennet Miller.  It stars Steve Carell, Channing Tatum, Mark Ruffalo, and Vanessa Redgrave.

The Karate Kid (1984)


You love to love this movie. Daniel from New Jersey becomes Daniel-san of California under the direction of Mr. Miyagi.  As he moves through the painful halls of his new high school, he becomes more disillusioned with his situation, and you become more sympathetic.  He’s not just a bratty Italian teenager from Newark with enemies all around him.  He really is picked on by Johnny and his friends.  It’s just not fair.   His journey is one of self-discovery and redemption as he masters the crane kick.  The Karate Kid is directed by John G. Avildson.  It stars Pat Morita, Ralph Macchio, Elisabeth Shue, William Zabka, and Randee Heller.

Raging Bull (1980)


Jake La Motta knows how to be a bull inside and outside the ring.  While it serves him well inside the ring, outside is a different story.  He has a way of offending friends and family members where many abandon him during this period in his life.  Time heals most things.   La Motta was remembered for his world middleweight champion win and stand-up comedy routines.  Raging Bull is directed by Martin Scorsese.  It stars Robert De Niro, Cathy Moriarty, Joe Pesci, and Frank Gallo.

Million Dollar Baby (2004)

milliondollarbabyClint Eastwood remains one of my favorite directors.  He knows his craft to the point of ridiculous.  He often chooses stories that have subtly within them.  This movie is no different.  Maggie Fitzgerald is past her prime, but finds passion in boxing.  Under the direction of a washed out grumpster, she rises the ranks of the lightweight boxing division.  There is retribution and amends to be had for the major characters.  It’s a great movie from start to finish, and really touches home if you have a heart beating inside your chest.  Million Dollar Baby is directed by Clint Eastwood.  It stars Clint Eastwood, Morgan Freeman, Hilary Swank, Michael Peña, Anthony Mackie, and Jay Baruchel.

Prefontaine (1997)


If you ever visit Oregon and specifically Eugene where the University of Oregon is home, there is a household name in running, and that is Steve Prefontaine.  A long distance runner who worked closely with Bill Dellinger and Bill Bowerman (look up Nike), Prefontaine competed in the Munich Games of 1972.  After this experience, he works even harder to prepare for the Montreal Games of 1976.  This is no thrills story where the only way to attain your goals is by doing it.  Prefontaine is directed by Steve James.   It stars Jared Leto, R. Lee Ermey, Ed O’Neill, Breckin Meyer, and Amy Locane.

Chaempieon (2002)


This is a true story about a boxer from South Korea.  Not letting his childhood affect him, Kim Deuk-Gu rises to become a force of nature during the 1980s.  ‘Gidae’ fought in Las Vegas in 1982 against Ray ‘Boom Boom’ Mancini.   The movie is a look into the sacrifices people often are forced to make.  It is a movie that also gives you perspective about life in general.  Chaempieon is directed by Kwak Kyung-taek.   It stars Yu Oh-seong, Chae Min-seo, and Jung Doo-hong.  There is also a worthwhile documentary The Good Son that includes that speaks of this particular fight.

One Sheets from IMDb



Poem: Not You

Not You

I’ve kicked you out many times

From my mind.

I’ve bolted down the tiny path,

Always leading somewhere toward mistakes.

I played with death

Because of you.

I wanted it.

I craved it.

I needed it.

My chest was crushed under your weight.

The weight I thought was something else.

The something else that was fear.

The fear that turned into pure ugliness.

I screamed.

I sobbed.

I mourned.

It wasn’t that you betrayed me,

But the way you did it,

So viciously and carelessly.

You simply didn’t give a damn,

Despite all your promises.

You’ve been replaced with pain of another kind,

Broken and dejected.

Similar yet different.

Empty feelings.


I wonder.

I wander.

I wait.



2018 Olympic Results

olympic rings.jpg

As the 2018 Winter Olympics come to an end, it started to unfold where the results were good for some and not so good for others.  Because I live in the United States, it’s obvious I would cheer on the athletes representing the Stars and Stripes over the others, but still wishing everyone would compete to the best of their ability.  The athletes provided emotional stories, hitting home a little more when it dealt with Minnesota and South Korea.  Here are the results in the 15 sports minus the men’s hockey team competition (GER vs. OAR).  I will be posting later some of the great moments, surprising moments, first time moments, and those moments destined to go down in Olympic history.


Fact: Olympic skiers usually ski around 80 mph (miles per hour).


Alpine skiing, women’s slalom

Gold: Frida Marie Hansdotter, Sweden

Silver: Wendy Holdener, Switzerland

Bronze: Katharina Gallhuber, Austria

Alpine Skiing, men’s slalom

Gold: André Myhrer, Sweden

Silver: Ramon Zenhäusern, Switzerland

Bronze: Michael Matt, Austria

Alpine Skiing, women’s alpine combined

Gold: Michelle Gisin, Switzerland

Silver: Mikaela Shiffrin, US

Bronze: Wendy Holdener, Switzerland

Alpine skiing, men’s combined

Gold: Marcel Hirscher, Austria

Silver: Alexis Pinturault, France

Bronze: Victor Muffat-Jeandet, France

Alpine skiing, women’s downhill

Gold: Sofia Goggia, Italy

Silver: Ragnhild Mowinckel, Norway

Bronze: Lindsey Vonn, US

Alpine skiing, men’s downhill

Gold: Aksel Lund Svindal, Norway

Silver: Kjetil Jansrud, Norway

Bronze: Beat Feuz from Switzerland

Alpine skiing, women’s giant slalom

Gold: Mikaela Shiffrin, US

Silver: Ragnhild Mowinckel, Norway

Bronze: Federica Brignone, Italy

Alpine skiing, men’s giant slalom

Gold: Marcel Hirscher, Austria

Silver: Henrik Kristoffersen, Norway

Bronze: Alexis Pinturault, France

Alpine skiing, women’s super-giant slalom

Gold: Ester Ledecká, Czech Republic

Silver: Anna Veith, Austria

Bronze: Tina Weirather, Liechtenstein

Alpine skiing, men’s super-giant slalom

Gold: Matthias Mayer, Austria

Silver: Beat Feuz, Switzerland

Bronze: Kjetil Jansrud, Norway


Fact: The rifle carried weighs about 8 pounds.


Biathlon, women’s 4x6km relay

Gold: Belarus

Silver: Sweden

Bronze: France

Biathlon, men’s 4×7.5km relay

Gold: Sweden

Silver: Norway

Bronze: Germany

Biathlon, women’s 7.5km sprint

Gold: Laura Dahlmeier, Germany

Silver: Marte Olsbu, Norway

Bronze: Veronika Vitkova, Czech Republic

Biathlon, women’s 10km pursuit

Gold: Laura Dahlmeier, Germany

Silver: Anastasiya Kuzmina, Slovania

Bronze: Anais Bescond, France

Biathlon, men’s 10km sprint

Gold: Arnd Peiffer, Germany

Silver: Michal Krcmar, Czech Republic

Bronze: Dominik Windisch, Italy

Biathlon, men’s 12.5km pursuit

Gold: Martin Fourcade, France

Silver: Sebastian Samuelsson, Sweden

Bronze: Benedikt Doll, Germany

Biathlon, women’s 12.5km

Gold: Anastasiya Kuzmina, Slovakia

Silver: Dárya Dómracheva, Belarus

Bronze: Tiril Eckhoff, Norway

Biathlon, women’s 15km

Gold: Hanna Oeberg, Sweden

Silver: Anastasiya Vladimirovna Kuzmina, Slovakia

Bronze: Laura Dahlmeier, Germany

Biathlon, men’s 15km

Gold: Martin Fourcade, France

Silver: Simon Schempp, Germany

Bronze: Emil Hegle Svendsen, Norway

Biathlon, men’s 20km

Gold: Johannes Thingnes Bø, Norway

Silver: Jakov Fak, Croatia-Slovania

Bronze: Dominik Landertinger, Austria

Biathlon, 2x6km women + 2×7.5km men mixed relay

Gold: France

Silver: Norway

Bronze: Italy


Fact: The first bobsleigh track was built by Caspar Badrutt in 1870.


Bobsleigh, 2-woman

Gold: Germany 1

Silver: US 1

Bronze: Canada 1

Bobsleigh, 2-man

Gold: Canada 1/Germany 2

Silver: Not awarded

Bronze: Latvia 2

Bobsleigh, 4-man

Gold: Germany 2

Silver: Germany 3/Republic of Korea 1

Bronze: Not awarded


Fact: The best sport for boosting cardiovascular fitness by medical practitioners.


Cross-country skiing, women’s team sprint

Gold: US

Silver: Sweden

Bronze: Norway

Cross-country skiing, men’s team sprint

Gold: Norway

Silver: OAR

Bronze: France

Cross-country skiing, women’s sprint

Gold: Stina Nilsson, Sweden

Silver: Maiken Caspersen Falla, Norway

Bronze: Yulia Sergeyevna Belorukova, Russia

Cross-country skiing, men’s sprint

Gold: Johannes Hoesflot Klaebo, Norway

Silver: Federico Pellegrino, Italy

Bronze: Alexander Bolshunov, OAR

Cross-country skiing, women’s 4x5km relay

Gold: Norway

Silver: Sweden

Bronze: OAR

Cross-country skiing, men’s 4x10km relay

Gold: Norway

Silver: OAR

Bronze: France

Cross-country skiing, women’s 7.5km skiathlon

Gold: Charlotte Kalla, Sweden

Silver: Marit Bjørgen, Norway

Bronze: Krista Pärmäkoski, Finland

Cross-country skiing, women’s 10km

Gold: Ragnhild Haga, Norway

Silver: Charlotte Kalla, Sweden

Bronze: Krista Parmakoski, Finland and Marit Bjørgen, Norway

Cross-country skiing, men’s 15km

Gold: Dario Cologna, Switzerland

Silver: Simen Hegstad Krüger, Norway

Bronze: Denis Spitsov, OAR

Cross-country skiing, men’s 15km skiathlon

Gold: Simen Hegstad Krueger, Norway

Silver: Martin Johnsrud Sundby, Norway

Bronze: Hans Christer Holund, Norway


Fact: The maximum weight of a curling stone is 44 pounds. 


Curling, women’s

Gold: Sweden

Silver: Republic of Korea

Bronze: Japan

Curling, men’s

Gold: USA

Silver: Sweden

Bronze: Switzerland

Curling, mixed doubles

Gold: Kaitlyn Lawes and John Morris, Canada

Silver: Jenny Perret and Martin Rios, Switzerland

Bronze: Anastasia Bryzgalova and Aleksandr Krushelnitckii, OAR


Fact: Figure skaters spin at 300 rpm (revolutions per minute).


Figure skating, team

Gold: Canada

Silver: OAR

Bronze: US

Figure skating: Women’s single skate

Gold: Alina Zagitova, OAR

Silver: Evgenia Medvedeva, OAR

Kaetlyn Osmond, Canada

Figure skating, men’s single skate

Gold: Yuzuru Hanyu, Japan

Silver: Shoma Uno, Japan

Bronze: Javier Fernandez, Spain

Figure skating, pairs free skate

Gold: Aljona Savchenko and Bruno Massot, Germany

Silver: Wenjing Sui and Cong Han, China

Bronze: Meagan Duhamel and Eric Radford, Canada

Figure skating, ice dance

Gold: Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir, Canada

Silver: Gabriella Papadakis and Guillaume Cizeron, France

Bronze: Maia Shibutani and Alex Shibutani, US


Fact: The goalies can’t touch or carry the puck on the opposite side of the center line.


Ice Hockey, women’s

Gold: US

Silver: Canada

Bronze: Finland

Ice Hockey, men’s

Gold: OAR

Silver: Germany

Bronze: Canada


Fact: The women can participate in doubles, but few do in the Olympics.


Luge, mixed team relay

Gold: Germany

Silver: Canada

Bronze: Austria

Luge, women’s singles

Gold: Natalie Geisenberger, Germany

Silver: Dajana Eitberger, Germany

Bronze: Alex Gough, Canada

Luge, men’s singles

Gold: David Gleierscher, Austria

Silver: Chris Mazdzer, US

Bronze: Johannes Ludwig, Germany

Luge, doubles men

Gold: Tobias Wendl and Tobias Arlt, Germany

Silver: Pegter Penz and Georg Fischler, Austria

Bronze: Toni Eggert and Sascha Benecken, Germany


Fact: The jumping skiis may have a length of a maximum of 145% of the total body height of the skiier. 


Nordic combined, men’s individual normal hill/10km

Gold: Eric Frenzel, Germany

Silver: Akito Watabe, Japan

Bronze: Lukas Klapfer, Austria

Nordic combined, men’s individual large hill/10km

Gold: Johannes Rydzek, Germany

Silver: Fabian Riessle, Germany

Bronze: Eric Frenzel, Germany

Nordic combined/team large hill/4x5km

Gold: Germany

Silver: Norway

Bronze: Austria


Fact: The average speed for the men’s 1500 is 52 kmh (kilometres per hour). 


Short-track speed-skating, women’s 500m

Gold: Arianna Fontana, Italy

Silver: Yara van Kerkhof, Netherlands

Bronze: Kim Boutin, Canada

Short track speed-skating, men’s 500m

Gold: Wu Dajing, China

Silver: Hwang Daeheon, Republic of Korea

Bronze: Lim Hyojun, Republic of Korea

Short track speed-skating, women’s 1,000m

Gold: Suzanne Schulting, Netherlands

Silver: Kim Boutin, Canada

Bronze: Arianna Fontana, Italy

Short track speed-skating, men’s 1,000m

Gold: Samuel Girard, Canada

Silver: John-Henry Krueger, US

Bronze: Seo Yira, Republic of Korea

Short track speed-skating, women’s 1,500m

Gold: Choi Minjeong, Republic of Korea

Silver: Li Jinyu, Japan

Bronze: Kim Boutin, Canada

Short-track speed-skating, men’s 1,500m

Gold: Lim Hyojun, Republic of Korea

Silver: Sjinkie Knegt, Netherlands

Bronze: Semen Elistratov, OAR

Short track speed-skating, women’s 3,000m relay

Gold: Republic of Korea

Silver: Italy

Bronze: Netherlands

Short track speed-skating, men’s 5,000m relay

Gold: Hungary

Silver: China

Bronze: Canada

Speed-skating, women’s team pursuit

Gold: Netherlands

Silver: Japan

Bronze: US

Speed-skating, men’s team pursuit

Gold: Republic of Korea

Silver: Netherlands

Bronze: New Zealand

Speed-skating, women’s 500m

Gold: Nao Kodaira, Japan

Silver: Lee Sang-hwa, Republic of Korea

Bronze: Karolína Erbanová, Czech Republic

Speed-skating, men’s 500m

Gold: Håvard Lorentzen, Norway

Silver: Cha Min Kyu, Republic of Korea

Bronze: Gao Tingyu, China

Speed-skating, women’s 1,000m

Gold: Jorien ter Mors, Netherlands

Silver: Nao Kodaira, Japan

Bronze: Miho Takagi, Japan

Speed-skating, men’s 1000 m

Gold: Kjeld Nuis from Netherlands

Silver: Håvard Lorentzen from Norway

Bronze: Kim Tae-Yun from Republic of Korea

Speed-skating, women’s 1,500m

Gold: Ireen Wüst, Netherlands

Silver: Miho Takagi, Japan

Bronze: Marrit Leenstra, Netherlands

Speed-skating, men’s 1,500m

Gold: Kjeld Nuis, Netherlands

Silver: Patrick Roest, Netherlands

Bronze: Min Kim Seok, Republic of Korea

Speed-skating, women’s 3,000m

Gold: Carlijn Achtereekte, Netherlands

Silver: Ireen Wüst, Netherlands

Bronze: Antoinette de Jong, Netherlands

Speed-skating, women’s 5,000m

Gold: Esmee Visser, Netherlands

Silver: Martina Sáblíková, Czech Republic

Bronze: Natalya Voronina, OAR

Speed-skating, men’s 5,000m

Gold: Sven Kramer, Netherlands

Silver: Ted-Jan Bloemen, Canada

Bronze: Sverre Lunde Pedersen, Norway

Speed-skating, men’s 10,000m

Gold: Ted-Jan Bloemen, Canada

Silver: Jorrit Bergsma, Netherlands

Bronze: Nicola Tumolero, Italy

Skeleton, women’s

Gold: Lizzy Yarnold, Great Britain

Silver: Elisabeth Vathje, Canada

Bronze: Jacqueline Loelling, Germany

Skeleton, men’s

Gold: Yun Sungbin, Republic of Korea

Silver: Nikita Tregubov, OAR

Bronze: Dom Parsons, Great Britain


Fact: The snow ramps are known as kickers that propel skiers into the air up to 6 meters or 19 feet.


Freestyle skiing, women’s ski cross big

Gold: Kelsey Serwa from Canada

Silver: Brittany Phelan from Canada

Bronze: Fanny Smith from Sweden

Freestyle skiing, women’s slopestyle

Gold: Sarah Höfflin, Switzerland

Silver: Mathilde Gremaud, Switzerland

Bronze: Isabel Atkin, Great Britain

Freestyle skiing, men’s slopestyle

Gold: Øystein Bråten, Norway

Silver: Nick Goepper, US

Bronze: Alex Beaulieu-Marchand, Canada

Freestyle skiing, women’s ariels

Gold: Hanna Huskova, Belarus

Silver: Zhang Xin, China

Bronze: Kong Fanyu, China

Freestyle skiing, men’s aerials

Gold: Oleksandr Abramenko, Ukraine

Silver: Jia Zongyang, China

Bronze: Ilya Burov, OAR

Freestyle skiing, women’s mogul

Gold: Perrine Laffont, France

Silver: Justine Dufour-Lapointe, Canada

Bronze: Yulia Galysheva, Kazakhstan

Freestyle skiing, men’s mogul

Gold: Mikaël Kingsbury, Canada

Silver: Matt Graham, Australia

Bronze: Daichi Hara, Japan

Freestyle skiing, women’s ski halfpipe

Gold: Cassie Sharpe, Canada

Silver: Marie Martinod, France

Bronze: Brita Sigourney, US

Freestyle skiing, men’s ski halfpipe

Gold: David Wise, US

Silver: Alex Ferreira, US

Bronze: Nico Porteous, New Zealand

Freestyle skiing, men’s ski cross

Gold: Brady Leman, Canada

Silver: Marc Bischofberger, Switzerland

Bronze: Sergey Ridzik, OAR


Fact: The judges rate each jump for flying and landing and style. 


Ski jumping, women’s normal hill

Gold: Maren Lundby, Norway

Silver: Katharina Althaus, Germany

Bronze: Sara Takanashi, Japan

Ski jumping, men’s normal hill

Gold: Andreas Wellinger, Germany

Silver: Johann André Forfang, Norway

Bronze: Robert Johansson, Norway

Ski jumping, men’s large hill

Gold: Kamil Stoch, Poland

Silver: Andreas Wellinger, Germany

Bronze: Robert Johansson, Norway

Ski jumping, men’s team

Gold: Norway

Silver: Germany

Bronze: Poland


Fact: The halfpipe walls are 22 feet high.


Snowboard, women’s big air

Gold: Anna Gasser, Austria

Silver: Jamie Anderson, US

Bronze: Zoi Sadowski-Synnott, New Zealand

Snowboard, men’s big air

Gold: Sebastien Toutant, Canada

Silver: Kyle Mack, US

Bronze: Billy Morgan, Great Britain

Snowboarding, women’s halfpipe

Gold: Chloe Kim, US

Silver: Liu Jiayu, China

Bronze: Arielle Gold, US

Snowboarding, men’s halfpipe

Gold: Shaun White, US

Silver: Ayumu Hirano, Japan

Bronze: Scotty James, Australia

Snowboard, women’s cross race

Gold: Michela Moioli, Italy

Silver: Julia Pereira de Sousa Mabileau, France

Bronze: Eva Samkova, Czech Republic

Snowboard, men’s cross race

Gold: Pierre Vaultier, France

Silver: Jarryd Hughes, Australia

Bronze: Regino Hernandez, Spain

Snowboarding, women’s slopestyle

Gold: Jamie Anderson, US

Silver: Laurie Blouin, Canada

Bronze: Enni Rukajarvi, Finland

Snowboarding, men’s slopestyle

Gold: Red Gerard, US

Silver: Max Parrot, Canada

Bronze: Mark McMorris


Artists for February: Korean Ceramists


Porcelain Bowl (15th century) by Prix (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons
I took a few ceramic courses, and let me tell you, ceramists have some of the most sculpted and muscular arms when you’re talking about artists. I was strongest when I threw clay. Weights would do the same thing, but for it to be a natural thing without thinking about it, wheel work does the job. Centering clay and raising it up defines your muscles like nothing else. You definitely need to know your craft to be a good thrower and hand builder. I hope to get back into it at some point. Without further delay, it’s time to discuss the greatness of Korean ceramists.

Vase with red cranes (12th century) by the original uploader was Korea history at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [GFDL ( or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons
China permeated much of Asian art forms and ceramics is no exception, but over time Korean ceramists created works with a style all their own. The moon jar is one example and celadon (green glaze) was often used. Korean mainly used earthenware and porcelain. I’ll let you know right now porcelain is extremely difficult to work with, but when you are good at throwing it, you’ll get some amazing pieces. I wasn’t one of them, but I watched one student with glee that definitely excelled at creating beautiful pots.

celadon goryeo ware
Celadon incense burner from Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) by Steve46814 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons
The primary religion in Korea is Buddhism with its principles deeply rooted in its culture. This provided a need for celadon wares with animal and bird motifs. Around this time, iron powder was also added, which made the glaze shinier and more durable. The inlay technique started during the early 12th century. This meant that designs were incised into the clay: foliate designs, geometric or scrolling bands, elliptical panels, stylized fish, insects, and birds. The inlays were often in white and black.

Blue and white porcelain jar from Joseon Dynasty (15th century) by Korea Copyright Commission, via Wikimedia Commons

As with any country that is ruled by kings and queens, white wares became synonymous with nobility and royalty. This high quality of work still survives from the Joseon dynasty from 1392 to 1897. Ceramics arising out of this period is primarily divided into three periods: 1300 to 1500 early period, 1500 to 1700 middle, and 1700 to 1900–1910 late period.

Blue and white porcelain jar with pine and bamboo designs from Joseon Dynasty (1489) by Korea Copyright Commission, via Wikimedia Commons

This served as a turning point as Korea was annexed by Japan in 1910. When Japan surrendered during World War II, the 1905 and 1910 treaties between the two countries were no longer in effect. The Korean ceramists’ influence of that period remain today, and continues to be as relevant as it did back then.

goreyo celadon bird
Celadon water dropper exhibited at the National Museum of Korea by ddol-mang ( [CC BY-SA 2.0 (, via Wikimedia Commons
Blue and white porcelain jar with plum and bamboo design from Joseon Dynasty (15th century) by Korea Copyright Commission, via Wikimedia Commons
Pictures/Information by Wikipedia