The More You Know About Drugs

needlesdrugsI don’t think I need to tell anyone that inhaling bath salts is bad for your brain and body, let alone any other drug (legal or not) you over consume in most cases.  There are drugs people shouldn’t be putting into their bodies under any circumstance, but we all know “Just Say No” doesn’t work.  If it did, no one in the world would be using illegal drugs.  With the rise of trying to find that high anywhere, there’s really something wrong when people are breaking into animal clinics to steal horse tranquilizers and when kids think Tide pods will bring them relief.  What the hell is wrong with people?  What the hell is wrong with kids?  It’s really all stupid.  This doesn’t mean I’m saying stick to the drugs that have been around longer we know such as crack (think poor and homeless people) and cocaine (think rich people).   It’s no surprise alcohol is the most harmful of drugs when factoring in harm to other people and the most widely used drug is cannabis and alcohol.  With this in mind, here are some facts about drugs and their effects.  Drugs have all kinds of street names.  The list goes on and on, but the DEA uses the names below for some of the major drugs.

LSD is also known as Crystal Tea.

Marijuana is also known as Smoochy Woochy Poochy.

PCP (mixed with heroin) is also known as Alien Sex Fiend.

Ritalin is also known as Kibbles and Bits.

Opium is also known as Aunt Emma.

Oxycodone is also known as Beans.

Crack Cocaine is also known as Beam Me Up.

There are basically six types of drugs, based on their effects.  They are stimulants or uppers, depressants or downers, hallucinogens, opioids, inhalants, and cannabis.

Stimulants are from the coca leaf, mainly cocaine and amphetamine or derivatives of it like crack and methamphetamine.  If you’ve ever watched someone on a documentary make cocaine or crack, it’s a long process and all the extra ingredients are highly toxic.  It’s not good to put in your body.   If meth has become a huge problem in the United States, I’d venture to say other parts of the world have issues too with it too.  Thanks to this epidemic I can only buy one box of Sudafed at a time and have to show my driver’s license each time.  They can range from Ritalin to ecstasy.  Then there’s the legal drug of caffeine, which I tend to abuse in the form of ice tea and once in a while an ice blended drink.

Depressants are basically taken in pill form like Rohypnol, Xanax, and Valium although nicotine is from snuff leaves that is extracted and usually inhaled.  We all know about alcohol that can be made from many things because all it needs is fermentation or distillation.  Nicotine is mixed with carcinogens like tar that blacken your lungs.  Alcohol is legal in most countries, but alcoholism is rampant in the United States.  I can’t speak for other countries, but I’ve seen plenty of people drunk and driving drunk when I lived in Los Angeles. 

Hallucinogens take the form of mushrooms or psilocybin and peyote or mescaline where they are usually eaten, smoked, or put into drinks.  They cause psychedelic effects including distortions of reality.  Also known as designer drugs, LSD or acid, PCP or angel dust, MDMA or ecstasy, and ketamine are often used at raves or back in time the discos.  There is some overlap because obviously ecstasy is an hallucinogen.

Opiates are from the poppy plant.  The most common opiate is heroin that’s usually injected.  It’s no good as it spreads diseases but morphine can be beneficial especially when you have cancer and need it for pain relief.  RIP Grandma E.   They can be smoked, eaten, drank, injected, or swallowed in pill form.  Hydrocodone, Vicodin, and OxyContin are some examples.

Inhalants can be found in anything where it is directly inhaled from a container.  It can be anything from glue to pain thinners, gas, hair spray, spray paint, felt tip markers.  It also includes huffing and bagging.  If you don’t know what they are, look it up.  It’s frightening that children are using this to combat their starvation.

Cannabis plants are the origin of marijuana and hash.  Marijuana is the combination of the leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems and THC or delta-9-tetrahydrocarbocannabinol.  It can be smoked, vaporized, or eaten in leaf form.  It has some therapeutic properties as well as being a pain reliever. Hashish or hash comes from the flower tops of female cannabis plants in the form of dried resin.  There is also hash oil, or cannabis based medicines.

Based on the above information, one would probably say alcohol and nicotine kills the most people (sometimes slowly over time) where the other drugs like cocaine, crack cocaine, heroin, and meth are the worst in terms of addiction.  So what are the top ten dangerous drugs based from David Nutt’s test he conducted in 2007 based on three variables?  The three variables are acute physical harm (immediate effects and toxicity), chronic harm (health consequences of repeated use), and intravenous (needles add significant health risks).  The most dangerous drug is heroin and the least dangerous is 4-MTA from this list.  The results were published in the Lancet.

4-MTA is a synthetic derivative of amphetamine and has acute physical harm and chronic harm in equal proportion.

Anabolic steroid has lower acute physical harm than intravenous danger and chronic harm.  Chronic harm has the highest value.

Buprenorphine (Subutex or OxyContin) is an opioid medication and has physical harm than intravenous danger and chronic harm.  Intravenous danger has the highest value.

Benzodiazepine (Valium and Xanax) is a psychoactive drug and has a lower acute physical harm than intravenous danger and chronic harm.  Chronic harm and intravenous danger is equally proportioned.

Amphetamine (Adderall, Ritalin, and Dexedrine) has lower acute physical harm than intravenous danger and chronic harm.  Intravenous danger has the highest value.

Street methadone is the watered down opioid and has lower intravenous danger than acute physical and chronic harm.  Acute physical harm has the highest value.

Ketamine is used in anesthesia or loss of consciousness and has the lower chronic harm than acute physical harm and intravenous danger that is equally proportioned.

Barbituates is a depressant and has the lower chronic harm than acute physical harm and intravenous danger.   Intravenous danger has the highest value.

Cocaine has acute physical harm and chronic harm in equal proportion.  Intravenous danger has the highest value.

Heroin has lower chronic harm than acute physical harm and intravenous danger.  Intravenous danger has the highest value.

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Also according to Lancet in 2010, here is a list of most harmful drugs to users and others based out of a score of 100 with the least to the most harmful.  This was a study done in the United Kingdom, but it’s probably comparable to other countries and probably not much has changed in terms of chemical makeup of these drugs. 

6                  Mushrooms

7                  LSD

9                  Ecstasy and Khat

10                Anabolic steroids

11                Butane

14                Methadone

15                Ketamine and Benzodiazepine

19                GHB 

20                Cannabis

23                Amphetamine

26                Tobacco

27                Cocaine

33                Methamphetamine

54                Crack cocaine

55                Heroin

72                Alcohol

There you have it.  Everything you probably didn’t want to know about drugs.  Enjoy the information and not that I’m going to brow beat you if you do any of them, but lay off the ones that have no redeeming qualities (many of them).  Now who’s saying just say no to hard drugs.  By the way, cannabis stays in your body for about 30 days, LDS and amphetamines for about three days, and alcohol for about five days.

pc2019

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